The goal of this study was to construct a design methodology for a prosthesis which causes less stress shielding and meets fatigue requirements. Stress shielding is the reduction in bone stresses due to the introduction of an implant. Implants may become loose when stress shielding is present because bone resorption occurs as the bone adapts to the reduced bone stresses.
Topology and lattice optimization were performed using OptiStruct to design a hip prosthesis where stress shielding and prosthesis fatigue were considered. The optimized design reduced stress shielding by 50+% when compared to a conventional generic implant, and the fatigue life met the ISO standards. Additionally, manufacturability was considered in the design process and a Ti-6Al-4V prototype was printed with an EOS selective laser melting machine.